It is possible that patients may not be completely forthcoming about exposure at some of these sites, and that infections may be missed if the patient is screened based on their history versus screened at all sites regardless of history. Archived from the original on 7 July At a minimum, you should have the following examinations:. History of anal intercourse was not significantly associated with abnormal anal cytology results in this study. November 13, Last Revised: However, it is more common among HIV positive compared with HIV negative people, and studies indicate that the risk rises with declining immune function.
The sensitivity of anal Pap smears has ranged from 69% to 93% and the specificity has ranged from 32% to 59%, compared with diagnosis by HRA-directed biopsy samples. This poor correlation between Pap smear results and biopsy results necessitates that high-resolution anoscopy be available to follow up abnormal Pap smear findings and . STD Treatment Guidelines as well as data regarding the efficacy of anal Pap smears and subsequent interventions for the prevention of anal cancer. What happens when you get an anal pap smear? It's similar to the way that a pap is done. A swab is done using the same sort of swap you'd use in a pap, but instead.